Friday, February 13, 2009

Career Opportunities in Forensic Science or The Bin Ladens

Career Opportunities in Forensic Science

Author: Susan Echaore McDavid

Forensic science is the application of scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge to legal issues. Hence, the field of forensic science is remarkably broad in scope, encompassing everything from art and engineering to medicine and law. Career Opportunities in Forensic Science offers a comprehensive view of careers in the field, with complete information for the 21st century on more than 80 jobs, including Accident Reconstruction Specialist, Computer Forensics Specialist, Crime Scene Investigator, Criminologist, DNA Analyst, Fire Investigator, Forensic Engineer, Forensic Pathologist, Forensic Science Researcher, Forensic Sculptor, Medical Examiner, Prosecuting Attorney.

Throughout the book, the reader will find a quick-reference Career Profile for each job summarizing its notable features, a Career Ladder illustrating frequent routes to and from the position described, and a comprehensive text pointing out special skills, education, training, and various associations relevant to each post. Appendixes list education and training resources, certification programs, professional unions and associations, and Web resources.

Table of Contents:

Industry Outlook     ix
Acknowledgments     xv
How to Use This Book     xvii
Crime Scene and Criminal Investigation Personnel
Crime Scene Investigator (CSI)     2
Crime Scene Supervisor     5
Patrol Officer     8
Criminal Investigator     11
Fire Investigator     14
Fingerprint Technician     17
Evidence Custodian     20
Polygraph Examiner     23
Crime Lab Personnel
Criminalist     28
Crime Lab Technician     32
Crime Lab Supervisor     35
Quality Manager     38
Crime Lab Director     41
Bloodstain Pattern Analyst     46
DNA Analyst     49
Firearms Examiner     52
Forensic Biologist     55
Forensic Chemist     58
Forensic Drug Chemist     61
Forensic Serologist     64
Latent Print Examiner     67
Questioned Document Examiner     70
Trace Evidence Examiner     73
Medicolegal Death Investigation Personnel
Coroner     78
Medical Examiner     81
Medicolegal Death Investigator     84
Forensic Pathologist     87
Forensic Toxicologist     90
Forensic Anthropologist     93
Forensic Pathology Technician     96
Histologist     99
Morgue Assistant     102
Forensic Experts in Art and Multimedia
Forensic Photographer     106
Forensic Video Analyst     110
Forensic Audio Examiner     113
Forensic Artist     116
Forensic Sculptor     119
Forensic Graphics Specialist     122
Forensic Musicologist     125
Forensic Experts in Health and Medicine
Forensic Medical Consultant     130
Child Abuse Pediatrician     133
Forensic Chiropractic Examiner     136
Forensic Epidemiologist     139
Forensic Nurse     142
Forensic Odontologist     145
Forensic Pharmacist     148
Forensic Radiologist     151
Forensic Experts in the Natural Sciences
Environmental Forensics Expert     156
Forensic Archaeologist     159
Forensic Botanist     162
Forensic Entomologist     165
Forensic Geologist     168
Forensic Meteorologist     171
Forensic Microbiologist     174
Forensic Palynologist     177
Wildlife Forensic Scientist     180
Forensic Experts in Mathematics and Computer Science
Forensic Statistician     184
Computer Forensics Specialist     187
Forensic Experts in Engineering and Construction
Forensic Engineer     192
Accident Reconstruction Specialist     195
Construction Forensics Expert     198
Forensic Architect     201
Forensic Surveyor     204
Forensic Experts in the Behavioral Sciences
Criminologist     208
Forensic Hypnotist     211
Forensic Psychiatrist     214
Forensic Psychologist     217
Forensic Rehabilitation Consultant     220
Forensic Social Worker     223
Forensic Experts in Business
Forensic Accountant     228
Forensic Economist     231
Fraud Examiner     234
Forensic Experts in Language and Speech
Forensic Linguist     238
Forensic Phonetician     241
Jurisprudence Experts
Trial Lawyer     246
Prosecuting Attorney     250
Forensic Consultant     254
Judge     257
Forensic Science Educators, Researchers, and Reporters
Forensic Training Specialist     262
Forensic Science Instructor     265
Forensic Science Researcher     268
Crime Reporter     271
Education and Training Resources on the Internet     276
Professional Certification Programs     279
Professional Unions and Associations     284
Resources on the World Wide Web     294
Glossary     302
Bibliography     306
Index     311

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The Bin Ladens: An Arabian Family in the American Century

Author: Steve Coll

Two-time Pulitzer Prize winner and author of the national bestseller Ghost Wars, Steve Coll presents the story of the Bin Laden family's rise to power and privilege, revealing new information to show how American influences changed the family and how one member's rebellion changed America

The Bin Ladens rose from poverty to privilege; they loyally served the Saudi royal family for generations-and then one of their number changed history on September 11, 2001. Two-time Pulitzer Prize winner Steve Coll tells the epic story of the rise of the Bin Laden family and of the wildly diverse lifestyles of the generation to which Osama bin Laden belongs, and against whom he rebelled. Starting with the family's escape from famine at the beginning of the twentieth century through its jet-set era in America after the 1970s oil boom, and finally to the family's attempts to recover from September 11, The Bin Ladens unearths extensive new material about the family and its relationship with the United States, and provides a richly revealing and emblematic narrative of our globally interconnected times.

To a much greater extent than has been previously understood, the Bin Laden family owned an impressive share of the America upon which Osama ultimately declared war-shopping centers, apartment complexes, luxury estates, privatized prisons in Massachusetts, corporate stocks, an airport, and much more. They financed Hollywood movies and negotiated over real estate with Donald Trump. They came to regard George H. W. Bush, Jimmy Carter, and Prince Charles as friends of their family. And yet, as was true of the larger relationship between the Saudi and American governments, when tested by Osama's violence, the family's involvement in the United States proved to be narrow and brittle.

Among the many memorable figures that cross these pages is Osama's older brother, Salem-a free-living, chainsmoking, guitar-strumming pilot, adventurer, and businessman who cavorted across America and Europe and once proposed marriage to four American and European girlfriends simultaneously, attempting to win a bet with the king of Saudi Arabia. Osama and Salem's father, Mohamed bin Laden, is another force in the narrative-an illiterate bricklayer who created the family fortune through perspicacity and wit, until his sudden death in an airplane crash in 1967, an accident caused by an error by his American pilot.

At the story's heart lies an immigrant family's attempt to adapt simultaneously to Saudi Arabia's puritanism and America's myriad temptations. The family generation to which Osama belonged-twenty-five brothers and twenty-nine sisters-had to cope with intense change. Most of them were born into a poor society where religion dominated public life. Yet by the time they became young adults, these Bin Ladens found themselves bombarded by Western-influenced ideas about individual choice, by gleaming new shopping malls and international fashion brands, by Hollywood movies and changing sexual mores-a dizzying world that was theirs for the taking, because they each received annual dividends that started in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. How they navigated these demands is an authentic, humanizing story of Saudi Arabia, America, and the sources of attraction and repulsion still present in the countries' awkward embrace.

The New York Times - Michiko Kakutani

Steve Coll's riveting new book not only gives us the most psychologically detailed portrait of the brutal 9/11 mastermind yet, but in telling the epic story of Osama bin Laden's extended family, it also reveals the crucial role that his relatives and their relationship with the royal house of Saud played in shaping his thinking, his ambitions, his technological expertise and his tactics…It is a book that possesses the novelistic energy of a rags-to-riches family epic, following its sprawling cast of characters as they travel from Mecca and Medina to Las Vegas and Disney World, and yet, at the same time, it is a book that, in tracing the connections between the public and the private, the political and the personal, stands as a substantive bookend to Mr. Coll's Pulitzer-Prize-winning 2004 book, Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the C.I.A., Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to Sept. 10, 2001.

Publishers Weekly

The bin Ladens are famous for spawning the world's foremost terrorist and building one of the Middle East's foremost corporate dynasties. Pulitzer Prize-winner Coll (Ghost Wars) delivers a sprawling history of the multifaceted clan, paying special attention to its two most emblematic members. Patriarch Mohamed's eldest son, Salem, was a caricature of the self-indulgent plutocrat: a flamboyant jet-setter dependent on the Saudi monarchy, obsessed with all things motorized (he died crashing his plane after a day's joy-riding atop motorcycle and dune-buggy) and forever tormenting his entourage with off-key karaoke. Coll presents quite a contrast with an unusually nuanced profile of Salem's half-brother Osama, a shy, austere, devout man who nonetheless shares Salem's egomania. Other bin Ladens crowd Coll's narrative with the eye-glazing details of their murky business deals, messy divorces and ill-advised perfume lines and pop CDs. Beneath the clutter one discerns an engrossing portrait of a family torn between tradition and modernity, conformism and self-actualization, and desperately in search of its soul. (April 1)

Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Nader Entessar - Library Journal

This is one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date books in English to tell the rags-to-riches story of the Arabian Peninsula's house of Bin Laden. In a fascinating read, Coll (former managing editor, the Washington Post), who won the Pulitzer Prize for Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, provides a detailed account of the Bin Ladens and their myriad business enterprises. Coll traces the history of Mohammed Bin Laden, a young illiterate Yemeni bricklayer who went to the newly established country of Saudi Arabia and became a key figure in building the country's infrastructural projects, including roads and mosques. In the process, the scion of the Bin Laden family became a multimillionaire and transformed his entrepreneurial skills into establishing numerous business ventures that tied him to the world's rich and famous. The Bin Laden family's symbiotic relationship with the Saudi royal family served as a critical factor in bolstering the Bin Laden fortunes and shielding the family from its adversaries. The author's portrayal of the Bin Ladens is greatly readable while also sophisticated in its complexities. Highly recommended for academic and public libraries. [See Prepub Alert, LJ1/08.]

Kirkus Reviews

A sprawling, fascinating account of America's declared No. 1 enemy, his far-flung family and the astonishing number of influential Americans who live within that family's orbit. Salem Bin Laden loved American pop music and films. For many years he kept a kind of "rolling intercontinental party" that would be interrupted only when he called up one of his fleet of jets and ran off to do business, whether meeting with Brooke Shields in Hollywood or the king of Saudi Arabia at home or in some foreign venue. So writes New Yorker staff writer and two-time Pulitzer winner Coll (Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, 2004, etc.), who finds Salem involved in countless other ventures around the world, from telecommunications to construction to arms-dealing (at least enough of the last to get tangled up in the Iran-Contra Affair). In addition, Salem's siblings owned real estate across America, from apartment complexes to an airport; funded presidential races, favoring the GOP; and enjoyed friendships with British royalty and the American elite. "In both a literal and a cultural sense," Coll observes, "the Bin Laden family owned an impressive share of the America upon which Osama declared war." Even so, the relationship was shaded and complex. The uber-patriarch of the family was a Yemeni who worked doggedly to build a fortune in Saudi Arabia. He then branched into Palestine, only to be displaced by the victorious Israeli government at the time of the 1967 war, which surely contributed to then-ten-year-old Osama's later views. Mohamed Bin Laden returned from East Jerusalem to find himself in a strained relationship withthe Saudi royal family, perhaps because he was glacially slow to deliver on huge public-works contracts. This, too, may have led to his offspring's views, and it cannot have helped that Salem died in a plane crash in America, just as Mohamed died in a plane crash caused by an American pilot. "Bush's ill-considered use of the word 'Crusade' to describe America's response to September 11" couldn't have helped either. The makings of a villain, shaped in many ways by the culture he came to revile. Urgent and important reading. Agent: Melanie Jackson/Melanie Jackson Agency

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